Galapagos Island Tourism, Ecuador
Galapagos Island is an island nation consisting of 13 main islands and six islets. Located in the Pacific Ocean about 1,000 kilometers west of the coast of South America. Politically, the Galapagos Islands are part of Ecuador. Galapagos Island first appeared on maps in the late 16th century, and was given the name “Insulae de los Galopegos” (Islands of the tortoises) refers to the giant turtles that were found there. The Galapagos Islands are the largest islands on the equator in the Pacific Ocean. The archipelago is divided into two parts: North and South of the equator. The official name of the island this is actually the Galapagos Islands a colonic. The archipelago which consists of large and small islands scattered along the Equator off the coast of Ecuador, South America. These islands were formed as a result of volcanic activity. Therefore, many on this island is the crater of the volcano, and is currently one of the volcanic activity still continues. UNESCO sets the Galapagos as a world heritage site in 1978.
In Galapagos Island many breed unique animals will not be found anywhere else. It seems these animals have to adapt by itself because it is separated from where they originated. For example the Galapagos Giant tortoise (Geochelone Elephantopus) known as Galapagos Island in Spain, is the animal that became the origin of the name of the Islands. This is the largest terrestrial tortoise. These turtles include of reptiles from ancient times that survive to this day. Included in the same group with giant tortoises, Galapagos tortoise, the difference between having a neck and legs are longer. In addition, even though the island is located on the equator, there are penguins here too. The Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus Mendiculus) and height only 35 centimeters, Galapagos penguins in the Penguin small. There are also animal sea iguanas (Amblyrhynchus Cristatus). Iguanas can dive in the sea can only be found in the Galapagos Islands. Iguana is experiencing a process of evolution in order to eat the sea algae in the ocean. In addition to marine iguanas, here also there are unique animals such as ground iguana of the Galapagos Islands, Galapagos sea birds, deer, who was unable to fly (Nannopterum Harrisi), sea lions, as well as the more typical species of the Galapagos Islands. Pure and beautiful island which is rarely found in this earth. The island is perfect for your family vacation.