Karimunjawa Island in Indonesia
Karimunjawa Island is an island in the Java Sea are included in Jepara Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. With a land area of approximately 1,500 hectares and the waters of ± 110,000 hectares, Karimunjawa, now developed into a Marine Park tourism charm began too many popular local tourists and foreign tourists. Karimunjawa is home to coral reefs, mangrove forests, coastal forests, as well as nearly 400 species of sea fauna, of which 242 species of ornamental fish. Some rare fauna first developed here are the sea eagles White Chest, hawksbills and green turtles. Plants that became the hallmark of Karimunjawa National Park which is dewadaru (Crystocalyx macro phyla) found in the lowland rain forests. Waves on the Karimunjawa is low and tame, bounded by the beach are mostly white sand beaches smooth. Karimunjawa National Marine Park is one of the National Marine Park in Indonesia with total area of 111.625 ha. From the spacious, 98, 6% is the territorial waters while 1.4% area of land. At first the Karimunjawa is one of the Marine nature reserves in Indonesia, with the development of the Karimunjawa Island in the Karimunjawa national park being decided and now it’s become one of the tourist destinations of the world.
Karimunjawa Island which is located 230 km north of Yogyakarta is composed of a cluster of 27 Islands, 22 of which are beautiful uninhabited islands with white sandy beaches. Karimunjawa has an extremely high biodiversity, including 69 clan hard corals, reef fish species and 353 300 hectares of mangrove forests. Karimunjawa Islands are one of the few places to find Hawksbills (Eretmochelys imbricate), Green sea turtle (Chelonia Mydas) and White Belly sea eagles (Haliaetus leucogaster) which is an animal that is endangered. There is a pool shark breeding in the central island of Menjangan island and also became one of the tourist attraction. Fan activity that spurred the adrenaline can try a chance to swim with these dangerous predators. There are many charred in the waters of KarimunJawa, namely mainland sand poking in the middle of the ocean or on the edge of the island appears in the morning and then disappear when sea water tide. Karimunjawa Island is a tourist paradise on the island of Java. Life under the sea with many remarkable species, white sandy beaches, small islands, as well as friendly and unpretentious community into the allure of this national marine park.