Lake Baikal Tourism in Russia
Lake Baikal is a freshwater lake that is one of the oldest on Earth 25 million years, as well as the deepest continental body of water, has a maximum depth of 5,315 feet (1,620 meters). Lake Baikal is located in the southern part of the Buryatia Republic in Eastern Siberia and Irkutsk oblast, Russia. Baikal is surrounded by mountains, some of which are as high as more than 6,600 feet (2,000 meters) above the surface of the Lake. the length of the Lake Baikal 395 miles (636 km) wide and averages 30 miles (48 km). It is also the largest freshwater lake in the world by volume, which contains about one-fifth of fresh water on the Earth’s surface, some 5,500 cubic miles (23,000 cubic km). Flowing into Lake Baikal is more than 330 rivers and streams, the largest include the Selenga, Barguzin, upper Angara (Verkhnyaya), Chikoy, and Uda. It has steep slopes on the West Coast and the slopes gently to the East. Baikal contains some 45 of the island. ; the earthquake occurred in 1862 and spent approximately 77 square miles (200 square miles) in the North of the Selenga delta, creating a new Gulf known as the Gulf of Baikal Proval.
Plants and animals live in the Lake are rich and various. There are between 1,500 and 1,800 species of animals at different depths, and hundreds of species of plants living on or near the surface. The climate of Lake Baikal is lighter than the surrounding area. The winter average temperature is −13.6 ° F (−3.9 ° C), and August average temperatures are 52 ° F (11 ° C). The lake surface freezes in January and melts in May or June. The water temperature at the surface of the Moon, between 50 ° and 54 ° F (10 ° and 12 ° C) and reached 68 ° F (20 ° C) in shallow water off the coast. The waves can be as high as 15 feet (4.6 meters). The water is very clear from the surface one can see 130 feet (40 meters). The low salinity, and contain some minerals. Lake Baikal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1996.