Turda Salt Mine Tourism in Romania
Turda Salt Mine museum is the history of the events – events that occur during the Roman occupation in Dacia. Turda Salt Mine is known as one of the most important in Transylvania, began to fall into decay after 1840, because of growing competition with the salt mine at Ocna Mureş. The new building of transportation Gallery (Gallery Franz Jozef), long, 916.65 meters decided in 1853, to facilitate the transportation of salt to the surface. At the same time. Turda Salt Mine has been known and utilized by ancient times, but it was put into operation a systematic deposit, with underground mining work, during the Roman conquest of Dacia. The salt exploited in a depth of 5-30 meters and a width of 10-12 yards, thrown one near the other, separated by the consolidation of salvation. This system ensures extraction of salt, but this works only in areas where salt is exploited near the surface. Salt continues to be taken during the 6th and 9th century, along with other minerals is very useful.
Towards the end of the 17th century and early 18th century, mining in Transylvania revigorate because some of the initiatives the Royal Court in Vienna are meant to encourage the province’s economy. Salt mines exploited in the same work earlier, but those in Turda were still the most important. Mineralogist Johann Fridwaldszky in his Principate Transilvaniae Magnus Mineralogia published in 1767, stating that “Turda Salt Mine is worth being visited.” Climate in Turda Salt Mine varies between 11-12 0 C, average humidity of 80%, the air pressure between the 747-752 mm Hg and the air moving speeds between 0.02-0, 7 m/sec. All these factors, the lack of pathogenic bacteria and moderate air ionization has a benefic effect their contribution is well known respiratory equipment. The mine entered the Tourist circuit in 1992. Mines hosts Contemporary Art Museum, used also for classical music concerts, exhibitions and, of course, as an important base of treatment. Turda Salt Mine has significant economic function in the development of the city of Turda. Visitors can also observe the condition very good compartment of mining, and the equipment used to transport the salt.